10. Psychology is the study of mind and behavior
Psychology is the study of mental processes and behavior. The term comes from the Greek word psyche meaning “breath” , ” spirit” and ” soul”. The -logy part is derived from logia, meaning “study of.” It emerged from biology and philosophy and is closely linked to other disciplines such as sociology, medicine, linguistics and anthropology.
9. Psychology offers a range of career options
Just a few of the possible career options include clinical psychology, developmental psychology, neuropsychology, cognitive neuroscience, forensic or health psychology and industrial-organizational psychology.
8. Psychology and scientific methods
A common myth about psychology is that it is just “common sense.” To the contrary, psychology relies on scientific methods to investigate hypotheses to make conclusions. Psychologists (and psychological researchers) use a range of techniques to study the human mind and behavior, including observation, experiments, case studies and questionnaires.
7. Psychology has a many subfields
There are a multitude of branches of psychology. Some of the biggest subfields within psychology are clinical psychology, personality, and cognitive psychology, developmental, and social psychology.
6. Psychology is not just about therapy
Most people, when they think of psychology, think of the therapist and client – the latter laying on a couch. While therapy is certainly a major part of psychology, it’s not limited to it. In fact, many psychologists don’t work in the field of mental healthcare at all. You’d find psychologists in many other areas including teaching, research and consulting.
5. Psychology is all around you
Psychology does not just exist in classrooms, research labs or mental health offices. Psychology can be seen all around you in everyday situations. For example, marketeers rely on psychological theories to develop messages that will influence and even persuade you to buy the advertised products.
4. Psychology explores both real-world and theoretical issues
It might seem like some of the theories and research psychologists learn about do not really apply to real-life problems. However, psychology is both an applied and theoretical subject. Some researchers focus on adding information to our overall body of knowledge about the human mind and behavior (known as basic research), while others concentrate directly on solving problems and applying psychological problems to real-world situations (known as applied research).
3. Perspectives in psychology
Psychological topics and questions can be looked at in a range of ways. For example, take violence. Some psychologists may look at how biological factors influence violence, while other psychologists might look at factors like culture, familial relationships, or other situational variables to explain the phenomenon. The major perspectives of psychology include the biological, cognitive, evolutionary, behavioral and humanistic perspectives.
2. Psychology seeks to describe, explain, predict, change and improve behaviors
There are four major goals of psychology: to describe human thought and behavior, to explain why these behaviors occur, to predict how, why and when these behaviors will occur again in the future, to change and improve behaviors to better the lives of people, their relatives and society.
1. Psychology studies both normal and abnormal behavior
People often think psychologists mostly focus on abnormal behavior – the diagnosis and treatment of it. However, to know what is abnormal behavior, psychologists have to know what normal behavior is, and so they focus on studying normal behavior just as much or even more than on abnormal behavior.
Where do you find psychology in everyday life? Do you use it if/when you recognize it?
Would you add anything to this list?